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 Assessment of annual effective dose from radium isotopes in groundwater samples in households along the lower Mekong River

Phan Long Ho, Vu Tuan Minh, Le Dinh Hung, Do Quoc Trung, Dang Van Chinh, Tran Thien Thanh, Chau Van Tao

Abstract

In this study, the 224Ra, 226Ra, 228Ra in groundwater samples at Long Phu district were determined by HPGe detector with co- precipitation method. The median concentrations were 0.040 ± 0.005 Bq L−1, 0.039 ± 0.004 Bq L−1, and 0.049 ± 0.004 Bq L−1. Highest MDC values were 0.028 Bq L−1, 0.010 Bq L−1, 0.018 Bq L−1, respectively. It’s a strong relationship between 224Ra, 228Ra versus conductivity, salinity, TDS, SO42−. The annual e ective dose of the age groups was lower than the WHO rec- ommended value except for infants exceeding around 1.5 times. Besides, the 226Ra minimum recovery obtained was 90% with trueness 9.9% and relative percentage di erence 6.1%.

Keywords Radium isotopes · Groundwater · Co-precipitation method · Gamma spectrometry · Annual e ective dose · Pearson correlation

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DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-019-06699-z

 

 

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