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BỘ MÔN VẬT LÝ HẠT NHÂN - KỸ THUẬT HẠT NHÂN

 N. Tomida, T.N.T.Ngan, et al.

Physical Review Letters 124, 202501 (2020)

Abstract:

We measured missing mass spectrum of the 12C(γ,p) reaction for the first time in coincidence with potential decay products from η' bound nuclei. We tagged an (η + p) pair associated with the η'N ηN process in a nucleus. After applying kinematical selections to reduce backgrounds, no signal events were observedinthebound-stateregion.An upper limit of the signal cross section in the opening angle cosθηplab < -0.9 was obtained to be 2.2 nb/sr at the 90% confidence level. It is compared with theoretical cross sections, whose normalization ambiguity is suppressed by measuring a quasifree η' production rate. Our results indicate a small branching fraction of the η'N ηN process and/or a shallow η'-nucleus potential.

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Trần Thiện Thanh, Văn Tấn Phát, Lê Hoàng Minh, Huỳnh Đình Chương, Võ Hoàng Nguyên, Nguyễn Trí Toàn Phúc, Lê Quang Vương, Nguyễn Duy Thông, Châu Văn Tạo
 
Sci. Tech. Dev. J. - Nat. Sci.; 4(2):Online-First
 
TÓM TẮT: 
Các thông số đặc trưng của vật liệu liên quan đến tương tác của bức xạ photon như: hệ số suy giảm khối, số nguyên tử hiệu dụng, mật độ electron là những dữ liệu cần thiết được yêu cầu trong nhiều công việc như chẩn đoán và xạ trị ung thư, chiếu xạ công nghiệp, tính liều lượng bức xạ, che chắn phóng xạ, phân tích hàm lượng nguyên tố và đồng vị phóng xạ. Trong bài báo này, các mô hình lý thuyết như tham số dạng phi tương đối tính (NRFF), tham số dạng tương đối tính (RFF), tham số dạng hiệu chỉnh (MFF) được sử dụng để tính toán tỉ số Rayleigh-Compton đối với các nguyên tố có 6<=Z<=82 tại năng lượng 59,5 keV. Kết quả chỉ ra rằng có sự khác biệt lớn giữa các mô hình tính toán đối với bia có số nguyên tử lớn. Giá trị trung bình của tỉ số Rayleigh-Compton theo số nguyên tử Z được làm khớp hàm bậc hai mô tả khá tốt quy luật phụ thuộc này với hệ số tương quan R2 =0,996. Bên cạnh đó, hệ đo thực nghiệm cũng được thiết kế và thực nghiệm đo đạc đối với một số bia như nhôm, đồng và chì tại góc tán xạ 150o sử dụng nguồn 241Am bằng đầu dò Si(Li) để kiểm chứng với kết quả tính toán lý thuyết. Kết quả thực nghiệm ban đầu đã chỉ ra rằng có sự phù hợp tốt giữa các mô hình lý thuyết với các bia nhôm, đồng và chì với độ sai biệt dưới 20%. Trong tương lai, chúng tôi sẽ tiến hành thực nghiệm với nhiều dạng bia khác nhau để đánh giá chi tiết hơn.
Từ khoá: NRFF, RFF, MFF, Tỉ số Rayleigh-Compton, đầu dò Si(Li)
 
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Huynh Dinh Chuong, Nguyen Thi Hai Yen, Nguyen Thi My Le, Hoang Duc Tam

Applied Radiation and Isotopes Available online 29 April 2020, 109197

Abstract:

This study proposes an approach to determine the density of a liquid based on the gamma scattering method. The liquids used to determine density were poured in a cylindrical tube. This approach requires that the ratio R (the ratio of area under a single scattering peak for a liquid to that for water) increase linearly with an increase in the density of the liquid. In a certain range of density, a linear relationship was obtained between the ratio R and density, as described by a linear calibration curve with coefficients of slope and intercept, for the investigated tube diameters. In particular, the values of the slope and intercept could be expressed as mathematical functions of the diameter of the tube. For a given tube, the coefficients of slope and intercept of the linear calibration curve were obtained based on these functions, which helped determine the density of the liquid. The reliability of the proposed approach was evaluated by using it to calculate the densities of five liquids—n-hexane, diethyl ether, acetonitrile, toluene, and glycerol—using tubes with inner diameters of 1.8 cm, 2.25 cm, and 2.68 cm. The results show that the maximum relative deviation between the reference and the measured densities was 4.3%.

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Huynh Dinh Chuong, Le Thi Ngoc Trang, Hoang Duc Tam, Vo Hoang Nguyen, Tran Thien Thanh

NDT & E International Available online 4 May 2020, 102281

Abstract:

This study proposes a new approach to determine the thickness of the material plate. This approach uses Monte Carlo simulation to construct the calibration curve of the ratio R versus the thickness of the material plate (R is the ratio of area under a scattering peak for a given thickness to that for a saturation thickness). Using this calibration curve, the unknown thickness of a material plate is determined by experimentally measuring the ratio R. To validate the proposed approach, we performed 39 measurements for 13 aluminum samples with thicknesses in the range of 7.00 mm–35.20 mm. The results showed that except for two measurements with relative deviations of 5.45% and 6.17%, the relative deviation for the remaining measurements is less than 5%. Besides, the method for estimating the maximum measurable thickness with the desired deviation was presented, which shows good agreement between theoretical calculation and experimental value. The obtained results are the basis for completing the thickness measurement system using semi-empirical methods in further studies.

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 Phuong Truc Huynh, Trinh Pham Ngoc Tran, Binh Thanh Dinh, Linh Thi Truc Nguyen, Loan Thi Hong Truong, Anh Tuan Tran, Dung Manh Ho, Dong Van Nguyen

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry (2020) 324:663–671

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to nd trace elements that increase risk of breast cancer based on the deviation of the concentra- tion of trace elements in the ngernail collected from the women with breast cancer and the normal women. The study was conducted with 10 elements (As, Au, Br, Co, Cr, Fe, Sb, Sc, Se, and Zn) using k0-INAA and statistical analysis method. Signi cant di erences (P < 0.05) were found for Cr, Fe, Sc and Zn between the case and the control groups. A signi cant correlation between Fe and Zn has found for the normal women, but this disappears in the women with breast cancer. On the contrary, a signi cant correlation between As and Cr has found in the case group, but no such correlation has noticed for the control group. The elements Cr, Fe, and Zn may be associated to the risk of breast cancer.

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Tran ThienThanh, Le Hoang Minh, Nguyen Quoc Bao Cuong, Huynh Dinh Chuong, Nguyen Duy Thong, Vo Hoang Nguyen, Phan Long Ho, Chau Thanh Tai,  Chau Van Tao

NIM A Available online 23 April 2020, 163995

Abstract:

Experimental data of Rayleigh to Compton scattering ratios depending on the effective atomic number of the fifteen powder samples in the range 10 < Z < 30 obtained at an energy of 59.54 keV using six well-known methods are presented in this article. In this study, a Si(Li) detector is placed at a scattering angle of 150 degrees to detect emitting signals from the interaction of incident gamma rays and powder samples. A new fitting procedure with the least squares method was used to fit the Compton peak using a Voigt function and the Rayleigh peak using a Gaussian function by Root software. The ten calibrating samples provided results that were in good agreement with the fitting procedure for all methods using linear functions. The estimated values of the Rayleigh to Compton scattering ratio using the effective atomic numbers were compared to the theoretical calculation. Furthermore, the best solution for the interpolated effective atomic number of the six methods was found and confirmed with the maximum relative deviation lower than 4% for five analysed samples.

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