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BỘ MÔN VẬT LÝ HẠT NHÂN - NGÀNH KỸ THUẬT HẠT NHÂN - NGÀNH VẬT LÝ Y KHOA

Huynh Dinh Chuong, Truong Thanh Sang, Hoang Duc Tam

Radiation Physics and Chemistry 179 (2021) 109216

Abstract:

In this study, we propose a new approach for determining the density of liquid based on the gamma transmission technique in combination with Monte Carlo simulation. This approach involves analysing the sensitivity of the measurement whilst changing the diameter of a tube containing a liquid and then based on the simulated data to construct a linear calibration curve. The proposed approach is validated by measuring the density of nine liquids with a density in the range of 0.6–2.0 g cm−3 for four various diameters of the tubes. The results showed the percent di erence between the measured and the reference densities of less than 5% for most measurements, and the relative uncertainty of measurements of less than 4%.

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Yu Nakazawa, Tai Thanh Chau, Yuki Fuji, Masahiro Ikeno, Satoshi Mihara, Masayoshi Shoji, Tomohisa Uchida, Kazuki Ueno,  Myeong Jae Lee

Proceedings of Science, European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics - EPS-HEP2019 - 10-17 July, 2019

Abstract:

The COMET Phase-I experiment searches for a neutrinoless muon-to-electron conversion which has never been observed yet. The world’s highest intensity muon beam is applied, and it leads to an unacceptable trigger rate of O (106 ) Hz. For stable data collection, the trigger rate must be reduced to O(103)Hz. This requirement is met using online event classification in the detector system which holds 99% of signal events. This classification is performed by an FPGA-based trigger system, and its processing time is set to less than 5μs by a buffer size of the detector readout electronics. A prototype board for the trigger system was developed, and communica- tion systems for related electronics devices were also constructed. From test results, the total processing time is estimated to be 2.8 μ s , which meets the requirement. We have also devel- oped an online self-trigger system for cosmic-rays and confirmed the feasibility of this hardware logic. The trigger electronics were installed in a setup for cosmic-ray measurement, and the data acquisition was successfully done using the self-trigger system.

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Nguyễn Anh Tuấn, Châu Văn Tạo

Tạp chí Phát triển Khoa học và Công nghệ – Khoa học Tự nhiên, 4(4):737-743

Tóm tắt:

Chùm electron năng lượng cao phát ra từ các máy gia tốc ngày càng được ứng dụng rộng rãi trong xử lý thực phẩm, y tế, biến tính vật liệu, đổi màu đá bán quý và xử lý môi trường gồm nước thải, khí thải và bùn thải. Chùm electron phát ra từ máy gia tốc chỉ hữu hiệu trong việc xử lý bề mặt vì khả năng xuyên sâu thấp, do đó khi cần xử lý khối vật liệu có mật độ mặt cao chùm electron được bắn vào bia nặng để chuyển đổi sang tia X theo cơ chế phát bức xạ hãm. Trong báo cáo này, hiệu suất chuyển đổi tia X được xác định bằng thực nghiệm đo liều hấp thụ gây ra bởi chùm electron và chùm photon kết họp mô phỏng MCNP4c2 cho các bia khác nhau, với các mức năng lượng chùm electron tới bia 5 MeV, 7,5 MeV và 10 MeV. Kết quả mô phỏng MCNP4c2 và đo thực nghiệm đo liều bằng liều kế phim cho thấy hiệu suất chuyển đổi phụ thuộc vào vật liệu bia và năng lượng chùm electron tới. Hiệu suất chuyển đổi cao nhất khi sử dụng bia hỗn hợp Ti – H20 – Pb, với kết quả tương ứng với các mức năng lượng 5,0 MeV, 7,5 MeV và 10,0 MeV là 5,57 %, 7,12 % và13,54 %. Bia hỗn hợp Ti – H2O – Pb có tính ứng dụng thực tế cao vì bia được cấu tạo với 3 lớp vật liệu vở bọc Ti có chức năng chịu lực, chịu nhiệt, nước giải nhiệt được luân chuyển giữ lớp Ti và Pb để giải nhiệt cho bia.

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 Ba Ngoc Vu, Thien Ngoc Bui, Phong Thu Nguyen Huynh, Hao Cong Le, Phuong Truc Huynh, Hong Loan Thi Truong

Abstract:

In this work, the radon exhalation, annual effective dose and excess lifetime cancer risks due to the exposure of radon released from raw building materials containing fly ash of different fractions were evaluated. The 226Ra and 222Rn concentrations were evaluated by the measurements on HPGe gamma spectrometer, RAD 7 radon detector combined with model calculation of radon exhalation for standard rooms. The results indicated that the emanation fraction for fly ash is lower than the corresponding value for soils and rocks. The surveyed building materials of containing fly ash can result in an indoor radon concentration up to 1.7 Bq m−3 which is below the recommended value of 100 Bq m−3 by WHO, the annual effective dose increases from 0.007 to 0.022 mSv year−1, the excess lifetime cancer risks ranges from 0.027 × 10–3 to 0.085 × 10–3 with the ratio of 3.2 for the additional fly ash content in cement up to 75%. In the meanwhile, it has a down trend and influences inconsiderably on these parameters for sand. The obtained mean annual effective doses are lower than the dose limitation of 10 mSv year−1 recommended for occupational workers.

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 Vu Ngoc Ba , Bui Ngoc Thien, Truong Thi Hong Loan

Nuclear Engineering and Technology Available online 2 July 2020

Abstract:

In this work, self-absorption correction factor related to the variation of the composition and the density of soil samples were evaluated using the p-type HPGe detector. The validated MCNP5 simulation model of this detector was used to evaluate its Full Energy Peak Efficiency (FEPE) under the variation of the composition and the density of the analysed samples. The results indicates that FEPE calculation of low gamma ray is affected by the composition and the density of soil samples. The self-absorption correction factors for different gamma-ray energies which was fitted as a function of FEPEs via density and energy and fitting parameters as polynomial function for the logarithm neper of gamma ray energy help to calculate quickly the detection efficiency of detector. Factor Analysis for the influence of the element composition in analysed samples on the FEPE indicates the FEPE distribution changes from non-metal to metal groups when the gamma ray energy increases from 92 keV to 238 keV. At energies above 238 keV, the FEPE primarily depends only on the metal elements and is significantly affected by aluminium and silicon composition in soil samples.

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 Van Thang Nguyen,  Nguyen Phong Thu Huynh , Ngoc Ba Vu,  Cong Hao Le

 Agricultural Water Management 243 (2021) 106453

Abstract:

Groundwater and inorganic fertilizers are regularly applied to agricultural soils, but their 226Ra content is potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. Due to irrigation and fertilization processes, 226Ra can accumulate in topsoils, and might also leach to subsoils, groundwater, and surface water. However, there are few studies on the accumulation of radium in the agricultural soils due to irrigation with groundwater. In this work, we analysed the radium content in 60 groundwater samples collected from a coastal area of Phu Yen Province, Vietnam where groundwater is regularly used for irrigation practices. Long-term accumulation of 226Ra in agricultural topsoils due to irrigation with groundwater was modelled for rice, maize, potato, and tomato top- soils. The fate of 226Ra in the topsoil (0–20 cm) was studied by using the Canadian Environmental Modelling Centre (CEMC) soil model and the HYDRUS-1D model. We found that the total inputs of 226Ra were 0.83, 2.45, 0.24, and 0.57 Bq m−2 d−1 for rice, maize, potato, and tomato soils, respectively. The total removals were 0.145, 0.236, 0.272, and 0.125 Bq m−2 d-1 found in rice, maize, potato, and tomato soils, respectively. A simple formula was developed to calculate the accumulation rate of 226Ra in the topsoil. Using this model we predict that the activity concentration of 226Ra will increase in rice, maize, and tomato soil, but will remain almost unchanged in potato soils. The accumulation rates 226Ra were 224, 791, and 115 Bq m−2 y−1. After 25 years of agricultural practices, the total activity values of 226Ra that accumulate in rice, maize, and tomato soils can reach 5147, 17278, and 2711 Bq m−2, respectively. We found the good agreements in the results based on two models. The irrigation practices with groundwater samples contribute 96.7, 79.5, and 79.8 % of 226Ra to the accumulation rates of 226Ra in rice, maize, and tomato soils, respectively.

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