KHOA VẬT LÝ - VẬT LÝ KỸ THUẬT

BỘ MÔN VẬT LÝ HẠT NHÂN - KỸ THUẬT HẠT NHÂN

The COMET Collaboration

Abstract:

The Technical Design for the COMET Phase-I experiment is presented in this paper. COMET is an experiment at J-PARC, Japan, which will search for neutrinoless conversion of muons into electrons in the field of an aluminum nucleus (μe conversion, μN eN); a lepton flavor- violating process. The experimental sensitivity goal for this process in the Phase-I experiment is 3.1 × 1015, or 90% upper limit of a branching ratio of 7 × 1015, which is a factor of 100 improvement over the existing limit. The expected number of background events is 0.032. To achieve the target sensitivity and background level, the 3.2 kW 8 GeV proton beam from J-PARC will be used. Two types of detectors, CyDet and StrECAL, will be used for detecting the μe conversion events, and for measuring the beam-related background events in view of the Phase-II experiment, respectively. Results from simulation on signal and background estimations are also described.

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Phan Long Ho, Le Dinh Hung, Vu Tuan Minh, Dang Van Chinh, Tran Thien Thanh & Chau Van Tao

 Scientific Reports Volume 10, Article number: 4299 (2020)

Abstract:

This paper presents information on the gross alpha and gross beta activity concentrations of two hundred twenty-six groundwater samples collected by gas ow proportional counters in southern Vietnam. The gross alpha results in the water samples ranged from 0.024 to 0.748 Bq L1 with a mean of 0.183 ± 0.034 Bq L1, and the gross beta results in the water samples ranged from 0.027–0.632 Bq L1 with a mean of 0.152 ± 0.015 Bq L1. The values obtained in this work were compared with those previously published for various regions or countries. Next, untreated and treated groundwater samples were analyzed to assess their in uences on the treatment process. The results showed that there
were di erences in the minimum detection concentrations and the mean activity values between the untreated and treated groundwater samples (The p-value of the mean comparison tests is signi cant with p < 0.05). In both sample groups, there was a strong positive correlation of the gross alpha versus the gross beta results (r > 0.6). This means that among the radionuclides, the major sources of beta radiation are uranium and thorium decay series radionuclides. Finally, the annual e ective dose for adults (>17 years) was calculated based on the assumption that major radionuclides have the highest e ective dose conversion factors. In general, the results for Pb-210, Ra-226, and Ra-228 were observed to be lower than the recommended reference values established by the World Health organization and the International Atomic Energy Agency, except for the value of Po-210.

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Huynh Nguyen Phong Thu, Nguyen Van Thang, Le Cong Hao

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 216 (2020) 106189

Abstract:

The effects of moisture content, grain size, temperature, major elemental composition, and the pH of soils on the radon emanation and diffusion coefficients were evaluated in this study. The emanation and diffusion coefficients are strongly influenced by moisture content and grain size. The radon emanation coefficient increased and the diffusion coefficient decreased with decreasing particle size. However, for soils with large particle sizes, the radon emanation and diffusion coefficient remain almost unchanged with variation in grain size. Comparing five different sized soil particles, the emanation coefficient increased and the diffusion coefficient decreased with moisture content. The radon emanation coefficient reached a constant value with different moisture contents depending on the range of grain sizes. The saturation emanation coefficient for less than 0.1, 0.1–0.2, 0.2–0.3, 0.3–0.5, and more than 0.5 mm sized soil grain ranges are 0.47, 0.42, 0.35, 0.26 and 0.23, respectively, with saturation moisture contents of 16%, 14%, 10%, 6% and 4%, respectively. A drastic increase in radon emanation is found at smaller grain sizes with increasing moisture content. Based on the content of major elements and pH of the soils, the multiple regression indicates that the radon emanation coefficient appears to be significantly dependent on iron content and pH. Effective diffusion coefficient values calculated in our study agree with the results calculated by a previous model. Experimental values show that the temperature dependence of the radon diffusion coefficient follows Arrhenius behavior.

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L. H. Khiem, K. Sera, T. Hosokawa,N. H. Quyet, M. V. Frontasyeva, T. T. M. Trinh, N. T. B. My, N. T. Nghia, T. D. Trung, L. D. Nam, K. T. Hong, N. N. Mai, D. V. Thang, N. A. Son, T. T. Thanh,  D. P. T. Tien

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry,  published online: 21 February 2020

Abstract:

The concentration of 22 metal elements including Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Br, Rb, Sr, Zr, Ba and Pb in Barbula Indica moss samples collected in 12 di erent sites in Ha Noi in July of 2018 were determined by Proton Induced X-ray Emission. The obtained results has been used for assessment of heavy metal pollution in the air in Ha Noi region. The factor analysis was applied to the concentration data of 11 interested elements and the possible sources of air pollution have been suggested. The study showed that the PIXE technique is e cient to environmental pollution analysis since it precise, fast and low-cost.

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Huynh Truc Phuong, Tran Pham Ngoc Trinh, Dinh Thanh Binh, Nguyen Thi Truc Linh, Truong Thi Hong Loan, Tran Tuan Anh, Ho Manh Dung, Nguyen Van Dong

Science & Technology Development Journal, 22(4):370-377

Abstract:

Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer resulting in death. Trace elements of Fe, Se and Zn can play a key role in the onset and prevention of breast cancer. Trace elements in the fingernails may be used as bioindicators for breast cancer diagnosis. The purpose of this work is to determine the concentrations of Fe, Se, and Zn in the fingernails of women with breast cancer and healthy women, which used to find the difference and correlation of these elements in the fingernail.

Methods: This research was approved by the Ethics Committee of Dong Nai General Hospital. The fingernail collected from 29 women with breast cancer and 30 healthy women, who are the same age and living in Dong Nai province, Vietnam. The concentrations of Fe, Se, and Zn in the fingernails were determined using the k0-INAA method. The analytical data were evaluated using some statistical analysis for the correlation of trace elements in the fingernails of both groups.

Results: As a result, the mean concentrations of Fe, Se and Zn in fingernails of women with breast cancer were 102.87 ug/g, 0.75 ug/g and 65.49 ug/g, respectively, while those of healthy women were 69.74 ug/g, 0.78 ug/g and 107.75 ug/g. The assessment of these elements in fingernails for both two sample groups, including t-test and correlation coefficients, was also carried out in this study. As a result, the significant difference (p < 0.05) was found for the Fe and Zn in fingernails of women with breast cancer, while those of Se was not found. The correlation between Se and Zn was found in both groups. The correlation between Fe and Zn was found in fingernails of healthy women, but it disappears in the women with breast cancer.

Conclusions: From our finding, it can be concluded that Fe and Zn significantly associated with the risk of breast cancer, while Se is not associated.

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Nguyen Tri Toan Phuc, Kazuki Yoshida, Kazuyuki Ogatta,

Phys.Rev. C100,064604 - Published 6 December 2019

ABSTRACT:

Background: Proton-induced nucleon knockout (p,pN) reactions have been successfully used to study the single-particle nature of stable nuclei in normal kinematics with the distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. Recently, these reactions have been applied to rare-isotope beams at intermediate energies in inverse kinematics to study the quenching of spectroscopic factors.

Purpose: Our goal is to investigate the effects of various corrections and uncertainties within the standard DWIA formalism on the (p, pN) cross sections. The consistency of the extracted reduction factors between DWIA and other methods is also evaluated.
Method: We analyze the ( p, 2 p) and ( p, pn) reaction data measured at the R3 B-LAND setup at GSI for carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen isotopes in the incident energy range of 300–450 MeV/u. Cross sections and reduction factors are calculated by using the DWIA method. The transverse momentum distribution of the 12C(p,2p)11B reaction is also investigated.

Results: We have found that including the nonlocality corrections and the Møller factor affects the cross sections considerably. The proton-neutron asymmetry dependence of reduction factors extracted by the DWIA calculation is very weak and consistent with those given by other reaction methods and ab initio structure calculations.

Conclusions: The results found in this work provide a detailed investigation of the DWIA method for ( p, pN ) reactions at intermediate energies. They also suggest that some higher-order effects, which is essential for an accurate cross-section description at large recoil momentum, is missing in the current DWIA and other reaction models.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.100.064604

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