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Consistent mean-field description of the 12C+12C optical potential at low energies and the astrophysical S factor

Le Hoang Chien, Dao T. Khoa, Do Cong Cuong, and Nguyen Hoang Phuc

Abstract:

The nuclear mean-field potential built up by the 12C+12C interaction at energies relevant for the carbon burning process is calculated in the double-folding model (DFM) using the realistic ground-state density of 12C and the CDM3Y3 density dependent nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction, with the rearrangement term properly included. To validate the use of a density dependent NN interaction in the DFM calculation in the low-energy regime, an adiabatic approximation is suggested for the nucleus-nucleus overlap density. The reliability of the nuclear mean-field potential predicted by this low-energy version of the DFM is tested in a detailed optical model analysis of the elastic 12C+12C scattering data at energies below 10 MeV/nucleon. The folded mean-field potential is then used to study the astrophysical S factor of 12C+12C fusion in the barrier penetration model. Without any adjustment of the potential strength, our results reproduce very well the nonresonant behavior of the S factor of 12C+12C fusion over a wide range of energies.

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