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TRƯỜNG ĐẠI HỌC KHOA HỌC TỰ NHIÊN, ĐẠI HỌC QUỐC GIA THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH

KHOA VẬT LÝ - VẬT LÝ KỸ THUẬT

BỘ MÔN VẬT LÝ HẠT NHÂN - NGÀNH KỸ THUẬT HẠT NHÂN - NGÀNH VẬT LÝ Y KHOA

Natural Radionuclides in Rice Soils in the Mekong Delta Region, Vietnam: Health Risk, Transfer to Rice, and Long-Term Accumulation in Topsoil

 Van Thang Nguyen, Binh An Le, Nguyen Phong Thu Huynh & Cong Hao Le 

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution volume 232, Article number: 354 (2021)

Abstract:

In the world, many studies have focused on the natural radioactivity in agricultural soils and food crops and the transfers of radionuclides between two components. However, the influence of long-term agricultural practices on the activity concentrations of radionuclides in the soils remains unclear. On the other hand, the soil-to-plant transfer factors of radionuclides for a specific plant type are different between the regions of the world. In this study, activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in 16 rice and corresponding soil samples in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam were measured by a gamma spectrometer with a high purity germanium detector. The accumulation rates of radionuclides were predicted by using a model based on the balance between input and output rates of radionuclides in the topsoil. Based on the analysis of radionuclides in soil and rice samples, the average values of TF estimated for 40 K, 226Ra, 232Th, and 238U were 4.2 ± 0.5 × 10−2, 3.2 ± 0.6 × 10−2, 4.6 ± 1.1 × 10−3, and 1.9 ± 0.4 × 10−2, respectively. For long-term assessment, the annual rates 39 ± 2 Bq kg−1 year−1, 26.8 ± 2 mBq kg−1 year−1, − 418 ± 34 mBq kg−1 year−1, and − 358 ± 30 mBq kg−1 year−1 were estimated for 40 K, 226Ra, 232Th, and 238U, respectively. From the results of this study, it is evident that irrigation system is the main factor that caused accumulations of radionuclides in the soil. Water leaching and rice uptake were two processes that were responsible for the rejection of radionuclides from the soil. The accumulation rates of radionuclides are therefore controlled by changing the cultivation conditions.

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