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Modeling Respiratory Signals by Deformable Image Registration on 4DCT Lung Images

Pham The Bao, Hoang Thi Kieu Trang, Tran Anh Tuan, Tran Thien Thanh and Vo Hong Hai

Hindawi, BioMed Research International Volume 2021, Article ID 6654247, 15 pages


The lung organ of human anatomy captured by a medical device reveals inhalation and exhalation information for treatment and monitoring. Given a large number of slices covering an area of the lung, we have a set of three-dimensional lung data. And then, by combining additionally with breath-hold measurements, we have a dataset of multigroup CT images (called 4DCT image set) that could show the lung motion and deformation over time. Up to now, it has still been a challenging problem to model a respiratory signal representing patients’ breathing motion as well as simulating inhalation and exhalation process from 4DCT lung images because of its complexity. In this paper, we propose a promising hybrid approach incorporating the local binary pattern (LBP) histogram with entropy comparison to register the lung images. The segmentation process of the left and right lung is completely overcome by the minimum variance quantization and within class variance techniques which help the registration stage. The experiments are conducted on the 4DCT deformable image registration (DIR) public database giving us the overall evaluation on each stage: segmentation, registration, and modeling, to validate the effectiveness of the approach.

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Lê Hoàng Minh, Lê Quang Vương, Huỳnh Đình Chương, Huỳnh Thanh Nhẫn, Trần Thiện Thanh, Châu Văn Tạo

Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ Tập 56, Số chuyên đề: Khoa học tựnhiên (2020)(1):63-71

Tóm tắt:

Trong nghiên cứu này, phương pháp Monte Carlo được áp dụng để mô phỏng cho hệ đo tán xạ Rayleigh-Compton sửdụng đầu dò bán dẫn Si(Li) trên phần mềm MCNP6. Trong đó, tia gamma tới mang năng lượng 59,54 keV được phát ra từ nguồn 241Am và góc tán xạ được xác định ở 124o . Các bia tán xạ là các đơn nguyên tố có nguyên tử số Z trải dài từ 13 đến 82. Song song với việc mô phỏng, các giá trị lý thuyết của tỉ số Rayleigh-Compton đã được tính toán dựa vào các mô hình NRFF, RFF, MFF trên phần mềm MATLAB. Các kết quả giá trị tỉ số Rayleigh-Compton từ mô phỏng và tính toán lý thuyết có độ sai biệt trung bình dưới 4%. Như vậy, với mô hình mô phỏng hệđo tán xạ Rayleigh-Compton như trên, việc xác định nguyên tử số hiệu dụng cũng như mật độ electron cho các hợp chất có thể được thực hiện chính xác, nhanh chóng và thuận tiện hơn.

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Châu Thành Tài, Võ Công Phát, Phạm Ngọc Sơn, Trần Thiện Thanh Châu Văn Tạo

Tạp chí Khoa học Trường Đại học Cần Thơ Tập 56,Số chuyên đề:Khoa học tự nhiên (2020)(1):127-133

Tóm tắt:

Trong công trình này, chương trình mô phỏng Geant 4 và MCNP-CP được sử dụng để mô hình hóa hệ phổ kế triệt Compton tại Viện Nghiên cứu hạt nhân Đà Lạt. Hệ phổ kế bao gồm 12 tinh thể nhấp nháy Bisthmuth Germanate (BGO) đặt xung quanh HPGe được sử dụng để giảm phông từ tán xạ Compton. Kết quả mô phỏng cho thấy có sự phù hợp tốt của hàm đáp ứng của nguồn phóng xạ dạng điểm đối với các đồng vị Na-22, Co-60 và Cs-137. Hơn nữa, hiệu suất đỉnh năng lượng toàn phần được so sánh giữa hai chương trình với độ sai biệt dưới 1%. Nghiên cứu này là kết quả ban đầu trong việc tối ưu hóa cấu hình của hệ đo và so sánh với kết quả thực nghiệm trong tương lai.

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 Mean-field description of heavy-ion scattering at low energies and fusion

Dao T. Khoa, Le Hoang Chien, Do Cong Cuong, Nguyen Hoang Phuc


The nuclear mean-field potential built up during the 12C + 12C and 16O + 16O collisions at low energies relevant for the carbon- and oxygen-burning processes is constructed within the double-folding model (DFM) using the realistic ground-state densities of 12C and 16O, and CDM3Yn density-dependent nucleon–nucleon (NN) inter- action. The rearrangement term, indicated by the Hugenholtz–van Hove theorem for the single-particle energy in nuclear matter, is properly considered in the DFM calculation. To validate the use of the density-dependent NN interaction at low energies, an adiabatic approximation was suggested for the dinuclear overlap density. The reliability of the nucleus–nucleus potential predicted through this low-energy version of the DFM was tested in the optical model (OM) analysis of the elastic 12 C + 12 C and 16 O + 16O scattering data at energies below 10 MeV/nucleon. These OM results provide a consistently good description of the elastic angular distributions and 90 excitation function. The dinuclear mean-field potential predicted by the DFM is further used to determine the astrophysical S factor of the 12C + 12C and 16O + 16O fusions in the barrier penetration model. Without any adjustment of the potential strength, our results reproduce the non-resonant behavior of the S factor of the 12C + 12C and 16O + 16O fusions very well over a wide range of energies.

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Manifestation of the divergence between antisymmetrized-moleculardynamics and container pictures of 9Be via 9Be(p, pn)8Be knockout reaction

Nguyen Tri Toan Phuc, Mengjiao Lyu, Yohei Chiba, Kazuyuki Ogata

Physics Letters B 819 (2021) 136466


We propose a new approach to probe the spatial extension of the valence neutron orbital in the 9Be nucleus via the 9Be(p,pn)8Be knockout reaction. This property of the nuclear molecular orbital has not been established in previous experimental studies and divergence exists between the theoretical descriptions of 9Be from different perspectives, i.e., the antisymmetrized molecular dynamics and the container pictures of cluster dynamics. These pictures are represented by two different well-proven microscopic models, the antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD) and Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-Röpke (THSR) wave functions. The corresponding reduced width amplitudes (RWAs) in the 8Be+n channel are extracted from both the AMD and THSR wave functions, and they are found to describe drastically different valence-nucleon motion, which shows the theoretical ambiguity in describing the π-orbitals in 9Be. Using the RWAs as input, the physical observables of the 9Be(p,pn)8Be knockout reaction are predicted by the distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA) framework. The magnitudes of the triple-differential cross sections (TDX) are found to be highly sensitive to the RWA input. It is concluded that the 9Be(p,pn)8Be knockout reaction could provide a feasible probing for the subtle differences between several structure models manifesting through the spatial extension of the π-orbital in the 9Be nucleus.

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 Van Thang Nguyen,  Nguyen Phong Thu Huynh , Ngoc Ba Vu,  Cong Hao Le

 Agricultural Water Management 243 (2021) 106453


Groundwater and inorganic fertilizers are regularly applied to agricultural soils, but their 226Ra content is potentially hazardous to human health and the environment. Due to irrigation and fertilization processes, 226Ra can accumulate in topsoils, and might also leach to subsoils, groundwater, and surface water. However, there are few studies on the accumulation of radium in the agricultural soils due to irrigation with groundwater. In this work, we analysed the radium content in 60 groundwater samples collected from a coastal area of Phu Yen Province, Vietnam where groundwater is regularly used for irrigation practices. Long-term accumulation of 226Ra in agricultural topsoils due to irrigation with groundwater was modelled for rice, maize, potato, and tomato top- soils. The fate of 226Ra in the topsoil (0–20 cm) was studied by using the Canadian Environmental Modelling Centre (CEMC) soil model and the HYDRUS-1D model. We found that the total inputs of 226Ra were 0.83, 2.45, 0.24, and 0.57 Bq m−2 d−1 for rice, maize, potato, and tomato soils, respectively. The total removals were 0.145, 0.236, 0.272, and 0.125 Bq m−2 d-1 found in rice, maize, potato, and tomato soils, respectively. A simple formula was developed to calculate the accumulation rate of 226Ra in the topsoil. Using this model we predict that the activity concentration of 226Ra will increase in rice, maize, and tomato soil, but will remain almost unchanged in potato soils. The accumulation rates 226Ra were 224, 791, and 115 Bq m−2 y−1. After 25 years of agricultural practices, the total activity values of 226Ra that accumulate in rice, maize, and tomato soils can reach 5147, 17278, and 2711 Bq m−2, respectively. We found the good agreements in the results based on two models. The irrigation practices with groundwater samples contribute 96.7, 79.5, and 79.8 % of 226Ra to the accumulation rates of 226Ra in rice, maize, and tomato soils, respectively.

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